Three new havens for tigers
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) has accorded In-principle approval has been accorded for creation of 3 TIGER reserves at;
1) Ratapani in Madhya Pradesh,
2) Sunabeda in Odisha, and
3) Guru Ghasidas in Chhattisgarh
The NTCA also accorded final approval to a proposal to declare Kudremukh National Park in Karnataka and Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand as tiger reserves.
State governments have been asked to send conservation proposals for the following areas: Suhelwa in Uttar Pradesh, Mhadei in Goa, Srivilliputtur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary/ Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary/ Varushanadu Valley in Tamil Nadu, Dibang in Arunachal Pradesh and Cauvery-MM Hills in Karnataka.
Punishments for violation of tiger reserve rules and hunting or altering the boundaries of tiger reserves have been enhanced. As per the Ministry’s country-level assessment, India hosted an estimated 2226 tigers in 2014.
Over one lakh hectares of forest land has been diverted for mining projects. Chhattisgarh witnessed the largest such diversion.
India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world.
In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014